Hearing and balance disorders
Your ear has three main parts: outer, middle and inner ear.
Sound waves come in through your outer ear. They reach your middle ear, where they make your eardrum vibrate. The vibrations are transmitted through three tiny bones, called ossicles, in your middle ear. The vibrations travel to your inner ear, a snail-shaped organ. The inner ear makes the nerve impulses that are sent to the brain. Your brain recognizes them as sounds.
The inner ear also controls balance.
Some common Ear related disorders leading to hearing problems or vertigo (giddiness):
- Infections of the outer ear (otomycosis, swimmers ear, otitis externa)
- Infections of the middle ear ( ASOM, CSOM)
- Secretory Otitis media
- Trauma of the Ear (Head injury) leading to facial nerve paralysis or hearing
- Congenital deafness
- Atresia of the ear
- Sudden sensori-neural Hearing Loss
- Menieres Diease
Some specialised surgeries which are offered for ear related problems are:
- Ossicular reconstruction
- Facial nerve decompression
- Laser stapedotomy
- Myringotomy and grommet insertion